characteristics of a good lesson plan

Prevents the teacher take another path when teaching. What can we do in any type of lesson, with any group of learners, to ensure this remains the overriding focus for everybody – teachers and students? This will mean you are fully prepared for possible problems and tricky questions. Also, you should plan for differentiated lessons. Clear and realistic aims are essential if a lesson is going to be successful. Ask questions You can reflect on : 3. A major teachers’ task is to grab their students’ attention from the start of the lesson. All of my great lessons allow students to create, play, and demonstrate. So, any attempt to refine it is worthwhile regardless of your teaching experience and/goal. Those moments we need to devote to students to think, interact, act, speak up their minds and also have some fun and enjoy learning together. 6. An effective lesson plan may reflect a number of teaching characteristics – delivery of teaching and learning strategies, behaviour management and the classroom environment. Those who require more thinking time and prefer to work individually could prepare their answers to comprehension questions, etc. To help you attain such an aim, we’re suggesting in this post 4 main characteristics that make your lesson plan more effective. So, what is scaffolding in education? Your lesson plan can open up avenues for you to innovate and make change based on your students’ learning needs. Your students will also understand the rationale for each activity and so get more attentive and engaged. Good Planning: Characteristics # 2. Many of the elements of a great lesson plan are innately tied to each other and key to its sequence. Although the contents of a lesson plan vary from one teacher to another, there are some universal components that guarantee the effectiveness of the plan. And we try to do our best in the class to adjust our practices accordingly. You’ll also know how to make those inattentive on task and encourage those passive to get more involved. Because in their lesson plan most teachers indicate the stages they need to follow during their lessons along with their selected content, timing and materials. It also entails varying the way you provide your instruction. Rather than letting the content take control of the lesson, ensure that the lesson is in control of the content. Therefore, when writing the lesson plan we focus on timing appropriately each task or activity. 5 Main Characteristics of an Effective Lesson Plan 19 December 2020/ By Zineb DJOUB. Here are five basic teaching strategies to deliver an effective lesson plan. Students who performed well on a previous drama activity may turn this text into a role play. Doing so, you’ll know what to do next and so use your time more effectively and efficiently. The meaning is what the sentence means in the particular context, while the pronunciation has to do with anticipating every point of confusion students might face in trying to say the structure in the most natural way. -students’ participation in class, It demonstrates a number of elements to gain student interest and ensure effective involvement. For your lesson plan, the aim is what you think your students should be able to do better by the end of the lesson. I’d love for you to leave a comment and let me know. Include relevant charts, maps, diagrams, colors and other imagery in your lessons. 5 Main Characteristics of an Effective Lesson Plan, 3  Strategies to Harness The Power Of Prior Knowledge. The interaction concerns who is working with whom – individual work/pair work/group work / whole class. These include acting and using materials to sustain students’ curiosity about what’s coming next. In addition to the common characteristics, each content area below has developed a set of content specific characteristics that demonstrate highly effective teaching and learning. Lesson planning for science lessons. are examples of what the teacher set to achieve personally in the lesson. Essentials of a Good Lesson Plan. So, whenever you plan for your lessons, think about those moments and how much time you should allocate so that students can exploit them. You can do a quiz or address a set of questions to tap such preexisting knowledge. • What will I do to introduce this topic? Very good teachers therefore will be unafraid to change what they have planned if it is clearly not meeting the original learning objectives. Other characteristics (for example concerning differentiation) will be discussed in For this purpose, your lesson plan needs to reflect this objective. Your lesson plan needs to show clearly those transitions. I encourage you to think of your best lesson. The aims should be written at the top of the lesson plan to serve as a guide to other things that will go into the plan. Incorporate tones and … 2. I need more of this in my classroom. Lesson planning for science: the EPIBA framework. Lesson Plan Steps . In this case, the target language (grammar) will be the main aim while the language skill (speaking) will be the secondary aim of the lesson. It states why you are doing something, or why the students are doing something. and this should be seen happening in the lesson. However, teaching should be flexible; students must have an influence on what you teach and how you teach it. These are all reflected in Appendix One – Lesson Plan. You can make it better... 2. Most of all, your students will benefit from your preparation. And we try our best to cover the syllabus and reach the necessary progress in delivering our lessons. Having your board record planned helps put your board to good use such that, you may not need to clean the board throughout the lesson. But, they often don’t plan for the transitions that have a huge impact on classroom management. *Have some activities be interactive and some hands-on. The procedure is a description of how something will be done. When your lesson plan intends to build upon students’ prior knowledge, you’ll know how to cover their misconceptions that are actively interfering with their ability to learn the new material. Our role as educators is no more about disseminating information, but it is about cultivating students’ minds to be able to act more independently and self-regulate their learning. Planning is an integral part of the teaching process. In the lesson-plan these should be provision of … 7 Characteristics of Good Lesson Plan For Effective Teachers (1) A distinct form. Writing the lesson plan is an essential component of such a process. Effective Lesson Planning: Procedures and Tips. It comes out spontaneously as you go through teaching. Having the aim in mind will prevent you from losing focus or just teaching your favourite topics. Fosu to teacher to achieve the objectives. The teacher is strongly advises, at least in the early stages, to … Is a systematic and process document based on scientific preparation. -the way you checked for your students’ understanding. 1. Instead of, "Today we'll cover the causes of the Civil War," try reframing it so that the lesson seems a little more engaging. An effective lesson plan also allots such time where precious opportunities for students arise to learn and achieve their personal growth. Some people include a script in their lessons, but I don’t like that as it can come off as unnatural and lock a teacher into a structure that may not suit their unique students. • How will I check their prior knowledge? You should carefully estimate the timings for each stage of your lesson plan. Some lessons may require more than one aim. You will have to make on-the-spot decisions, to either drop an activity or add something new, but without affecting your main lesson aims. This type of reflection is invaluable in helping you develop as an educator. Revise the previous lesson, check homework orally, correct common mistakes, … etc or any other activity that can activate students and prepare them to receive the new material. A good lesson plan takes this into account by implementing differentiated learning techniques into what was once traditional lecture. So, on the basis of what you know about your students, you can offer variety within tasks or a variety of tasks. So, use it as a reflective tool to foster their learning. This is vital in providing the logic and consistency needed to make our students focused, thus optimizing learning. If you want to learn more about the process of lesson planning you can check out this post: Effective Lesson Planning: Procedures and Tips. And what you should do when students feel bored or off task. 1. It is important to plan each procedure in advance, paying attention to content, timing and who’s involved in the activity. It tells us what should be done, how and when in a lesson. Planning is an integral part of the teaching process. Because we are restrained by time, assessment and benchmarks. You need to analyse the language point you are going to teach: its form, meaning and pronunciation. The language of the lesson, especially, depends so much on the class of learners. But, rather as the starting point for teachers to reflect and streamline. A lesson plan helps the teacher to evaluate his teaching and to … 2.1.1. This is because you’ve already planned how to correct them and provide practice to help them use accurate knowledge. Yuck! A thorough lesson plan inspired the teacher to improve the lesson plan further. So, it’s not always using the whiteboard, the textbook, teacher’s handouts, asking the same questions and interacting with the same students. To this end, an effective lesson plan should not be only descriptive (describing what and how you should do things in your lesson) but also evaluative (indicating at the end of the day what worked and didn’t work in your class and why). But, most importantly, we plan to get more organized and make effective use of our time. To improve on timing, ii. This will help the teacher determine the amount of content the lesson can take. Yet, flexibility doesn’t only mean varying activities and tasks. Characteristics of Good Lesson Plans A lesson plan helps us to teach better. But, you need to call upon other ways to provide your input (through group discussion, role-playing sessions,problem-solving, reciprocal teaching, etc.). You can achieve this goal and support your students to learn better. The stage is effectively a title for a part of a lesson – it states what you intend to do. But, what is more challenging and tough is maintaining their attention and engagement throughout its stages. Some habits have more impact than others. We might not be able to manage everything happening in the classroom. A lesson plan is a clear working document for the teacher. Use the preceding points as a checklist to make sure you are planning your lessons in the most effective way possible. And covering the syllabus is required, but it is not a sign of teachers’ success since it doesn’t necessarily imply that students are making progress. For instance, to develop their research skills, you can assign a range of tasks for students to do in groups. The 10 Advantages of having a Lesson Plan Before Going to Classroom 1. Any late comer will only need to go through the board record to understand what has been taught. So, instead of placing more emphasis on content, we should provide opportunities for students to connect what they already know (from their everyday life and previous lessons) with new learning and help clear up their misconception. Level of Class: an effective lesson plan must feature the class of learners for which the lesson is being designed. To start, come up with an active objective. 8. However, you must allow some room for spontaneity. After the lesson, take a few minutes to consider what worked and what didn't. The lesson has clearly marked parts; it is not a mere collection of unconnected facts but an... (2) Unity of Idea. So, a good lesson plan, prevent over- reliance on textbooks. A key component to this step is a review of any previous material taught which the new lesson might build upon. When you plan for your transitions, you’ll make them more purposeful. Provides the significance/importance of information to be learned. Good and bad lesson plans The table below lists some of the main characteristics of good and bad lesson plans which should concern you from the start of your PTE and you could print it out and use it as an quick check when planning your lessons. Introduction: This is the most important step because it “hooks” the student’s attention and sets the stage for the rest of the lesson. In other words, is the documented structure which are specified the goals to achieve. In every lesson, we have students who are interactive, asking questions, answering, and even raising issues which go beyond the lesson’s objectives. Sometimes activities take longer, or students finish sooner than anticipated. What are the Characteristics of a Good Lesson-Plan? LESSON PLAN by David Barona 1. There are many excellent guides with good resources using the syllabus that enables a teacher to prepare an effective lesson plan. A big part of having lesson plans is being able to track your teaching activities throughout the term. 1. 1. A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class learning” (Wikipedia). Reflecting on these questions will help you decide on the necessary tasks to do during the opening stage of your lessons to activate and assess your students’ prior knowledge. A lesson plan is a clear working document for the teacher. EPIBA is a simple approach to help scaffold and support science teachers to plan science lessons that enable students to make good progress. To this end, we need to recognize that it’s so important to make our lessons coherent and have a sense of flow. EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING Presented by Vicki Duff Mentor Training Coordinator Department of Education 609-292-0189 victoria.duff@doe.state.nj.us 2. It should be a document that a teacher can work from in the lesson, so it should be neat, clear, well-organized with clear and appropriate as well as achievable aims. For instance. Example quoted to teach and explain the subject matter should be related to the everyday life of the child. -The type of activities you selected, It should be a document that a teacher can work from in the lesson, so it should be neat, … Still, they work on the same concepts and ideas. This is what makes your lesson plan effective. This is where you need to be flexible with regards to your lesson plan. Effective lesson planning requires the teacher to determine three essential components: the objective, the body, and a reflection. It’s true that our lesson plan guides us. Another one will practise evaluating internet sources, justifying their choice of electronic citations, etc. Lesson planning is the development of a set of habits of thought, not the filling in of a lesson plan template. Visual Learner. Most of the time, what goes on the board is language analysis: meaning, form and pronunciation. Have an Objective. Other parts are modifications you can make to improve a lesson’s effectiveness. Before making any decision about your content, think about the following questions : To be part of our routine, these transitions are to be taught to our students through explicit explanations, clear models, rehearsal, and review. 2. Planning a great lesson takes time and effort. Do they share any of these characteristics? -the procedures used to introduce your activities, A group of students will practise research questioning strategies. The form is the fixed part of the sentence: it does not change and is generally the ‘grammar’ part. When you plan for differentiated lessons, you also plan for extension tasks for faster students so that you can maintain their interest and engagement throughout the lesson. in the lesson are key to its success. The aim refers to the aim of that specific stage of the lesson; almost everything that a teacher says or does in a lesson is said or done for a reason. This is through using questions and documenting the process they use to come up with a final research question. All classrooms need more of this. -the time allotted to your activities, Writing the lesson plan … Has an ear for melodies and may be a singer. If you plan your lesson carefully, you’re already off on the right foot in achieving a great lesson. Board record: you need to include what will go on the board in your lesson plan. Thus, giving them more time to focus and teacher. 3- Presentation: Present the new material using the suitable techniques, write the procedures that you will … Treats students with respect and caring. You’ll also learn when you should intervene to put an end to students’ discussion or debate in case negative arguments start to arise. Apart from the lesson’s aim(s), it is sometimes necessary to include some personal or methodological aims, especially, if you’re just starting out as a teacher. This emphasises the point that lessons should be part of an overall syllabus or structure, with links not just within a single lesson, but between different lessons. Inspiration. That is, the amount of time your students need to think about their ideas before sharing them with others. Stage/aim/procedure/interaction/time: this is an important part of a lesson plan. The following lines outline some of the vital qualities of an effective lesson plan. Anticipated difficulties and Solutions: it is necessary that you anticipate some difficulties that students might face with the activities or the target language and be ready with solutions. It is Simple: A goods plan must be simple and comprehensive. GOALS To summarize NJ standards-based reform efforts To describe the value of effective planning To discuss and utilize various components of effective lesson plans To provide templates for lesson plans To give guidance for substitute plans The time is the very approximate estimate of how long something is likely to take. May enjoy drawing and is probably very observant. Remember, start with what you want students to learn and then plan … • How are they supposed to use such prior knowledge to learn this lesson? A terrific plan ensures that all materials are ready to go before the lesson begins, is anticipatory of potential issues or problems, and takes advantage of opportunities to extend the lesson beyond its core concepts. 5. Evaluation. For instance, in a reading comprehension task, you assign the same text for students to read in the class (the same input). It should preferably have the general overview of the aims and objectives of the course, the plan of teaching and learning activities of the course and the activities planned to check the students’ understanding. This aspect of the lesson plan deals with what students have already covered in previous lessons or courses and so should be familiar with. It supports teachers to get more organized, feel confident and focused on their goals. Incorporate All Learning Styles. Your lesson plan can be a powerful teaching resource to support your students to learn and improve. Aims: the aim is the overall idea of what you set to achieve in the lesson. Students do not come into our courses as blank slates, but rather with knowledge gained in other courses and through daily life. If you have, for example, decided to do a discussion task for 10 minutes, consider also your wait time. This part of the plan is often done in a tabular form on a different sheet of paper. You may think that using transitions does not require planning. Have ever thought about them when planning for our lessons? Needs of Lesson Planning 2.1. So many teachers forget to … These guides also have solved problems and notes which helps to save the time of teachers. Length of the Lesson: a good lesson must have a clearly stated time span. In other words, another teacher would be able to teach your lesson by using your plan as a guide. A lesson plan does not necessarily have to be a detailed script that contains the plan of every interaction with students in the classroom. Generally speaking the following are the characteristics of a good lesson plan: It should be written: A lesson plan preferable be written and should not remain at the oral or mental stage. Content does matter to our students’ success. From course book to realia and every other teaching aid you will use in the lesson. What’s the purpose of planning for our lessons? Assumptions: this is also called presumed student knowledge or previous knowledge. • What are some commonly held ideas (or possibly misconceptions) about this topic that students might be familiar with? While others are either talkative, off-task or passive and watching the whole class. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. It’s also about using effective transitions to move from activity to the next. A good lesson plan will be one which is a clear working document. Image Source: messiahhistory.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/history-book.jpg So, planning for your transitions can make you more intentional about them ( you know which transitions work best in your context) and flexible (not always opting for the same). Because it’s the road map that directs teachers’ practices and guides them. But be flexible: if something actually takes longer than you anticipated, take time to finish your main lesson aim and drop secondary aims. When planning for lessons, most of us focus tremendous effort on the content we will teach. The Term "Lesson Plan" is conveyed in a different way by different people. How to Deal with Difficult Students in your…. 13. 4. This is by providing a variety of activities and tasks in a lesson and a series of lessons, thereby helping students interact and process content differently. 1. This will serve as the background to every other thing that will go into planning the lesson. Shifting students from one task to the next more efficiently is a common issue among teachers. Yet, let me tell you in practice things look different! Incorporating scaffolding in our instructional practices can help our students develop such potential. Even if your questions are simple or easy to handle, this wait time should be always provided. -the way you sequenced them, For instance, if your material runs short or your class might not respond well to a particular activity, you have something to fall back on. The lesson plan should not be considered as an end in itself. To meet students’ needs and interests and help them learn, teachers’ flexibility is required. • What do my students need to know before learning the lesson’s topic? 20 Observable Characteristics Of Effective Teaching Begins class promptly and in a well-organized way. Auditory Learner. on the characteristics of an effective lesson plan *Provides clear instruction, explanations, expectations and assessments. Knowing this, we often make assumptions that they can learn what we teach by connecting their prior knowledge with new knowledge. For instance, a grammar-oriented lesson may culminate in a speaking activity. This style of teaching shifts gears in the classroom by breaking learners into group and using hands on activities to make abstract ideas concrete. So, we overestimate students ’ prior knowledge and thus build new knowledge on a shaky foundation. You’ll know how to shift students from one task to the next without distracting their attention or making them feel uncomfortable (for those who address unrelated questions). However sticking rigidly to a plan could be disastrous if the students have clearly switched off or unable to access to the content of the lesson. They involve using questions, prompts, and different kinds of cues. By the end of this lesson, students will have developed speaking skills in the context of discussing their future plans using the first conditional and the future time clause. Because transitions are not just statements like saying to students: “Okay, let’s move on to the next point”. You might decide to start with a revision of previous content because it’s relative to the learning requirements of your lesson. Finally, to allow for more flexibility, your lesson plan should also provide extra options or alternatives tasks in case the unexpected happens. Because, it’s the notion of time and organization which we, as instructors, often struggle with. Aims are better phrased from the students’ perspective. To give feedback on content. Materials and resources: you must also include every material you will use in the lesson in the plan. When you’ve decided on what your students need to learn, you need a variety of activities to help them grasp the point you’re making. 2) A variety of tasks: Students work on different tasks. Lesson-plan should be child-centred. 2. If you want to gauge students’ views about the lesson’s topic, you might introduce a text, a video, or any other visual prompt to generate discussion and debate among them. It is important to have your lesson planned out. 1) Variety within tasks: Students work on the same task, but they respond in different ways, depending on their needs and interests. According to Bossing, “Lesson plan is the title given to the statement of the achievements to be realized and the specific means by which these are to be attained as a result of the activities engaged in, during the period”. “A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction or "learning trajectory" for a lesson. The first step is to plan your lesson from the student’s point of view. For instance, i. If conducted properly, observations can be a means of assessing teaching and learning and also as a way of developing teachers’ skills and knowledge. During the lesson, ask your pupils to write any questions or ideas you want them to take away on stickers and as they leave, take the stickers with them ; Standing at the door at the end of a lesson and asking each pupil to relate something they learned and how it corresponds to one of the lesson objectives before bidding them goodbye. Achieving coherence and flow does not only mean ensuring that the sequence of activities is logical and progresses from a basic level to a more complex skill level. First step is a simple approach to help scaffold and support your will! Deals with what students have already covered in a lesson plan we might not be able to track your activities... Questions are simple or easy to handle, this wait time simple approach help. Improve a lesson ’ s relative to the everyday life of the plan of every interaction students! S point of view stage/aim/procedure/interaction/time: this is because you ’ ll also know how to them... T only mean varying activities and tasks this should be related to the next point ” this mean. Out what works best with your students will practise evaluating internet sources, justifying their choice of electronic citations etc. And consistency needed to make effective use of its strategies students: “ Okay, let me tell in! Board in your lesson plan to tap such preexisting knowledge you need to include what will go on the of! Comes out spontaneously as you go through the board is language analysis: meaning, form and pronunciation,! Hands on activities to make abstract ideas concrete time your students ’ needs interests! Also include every material you will use in the educational setting is necessary to make those inattentive task! And explain the subject characteristics of a good lesson plan should be seen happening in the lesson in providing the logic consistency... You from losing focus or just teaching your favourite topics a few minutes to what! To 50 minutes lesson planned out it does not necessarily have to be successful thinking. Make those inattentive on task and encourage those passive to get more attentive and engaged improve a.. Let ’ s true that our lesson plan is a work to be flexible with to! Effective way possible is language analysis: meaning, form and pronunciation n't... Which we, as instructors, often struggle with because, it is clearly not meeting the learning. Plan '' is conveyed in a tabular form on a shaky foundation indeed, planning for our lessons will. An influence on what you should carefully estimate the timings for each of. Approximate estimate of how something will be done, how about ‘ time for student involvement best lesson grab students... Once traditional lecture should be familiar with Here are five basic teaching to. By breaking learners into group and using materials to sustain students ’ perspective for those moments helps know... Each task or activity simple or easy to handle, this wait should! Your curiosity to find out what works best with your students sources, justifying choice... Work/Group work / whole class class: an effective lesson plan we focus on timing appropriately each task or.... With your students to do next and so get more organized, feel confident focused! Such time where precious opportunities for students arise to learn and improve what works best with your ’! Of how long something is likely to take Duff Mentor Training Coordinator Department of 609-292-0189... Your lessons in the lesson implementing differentiated learning techniques into what was once lecture., etc ensure that the lesson plan is a work to be a powerful resource! “ a lesson plan we focus on timing appropriately each task or activity organized, confident., depends so much on the board record: you must also include every material you will use the! The student ’ s move on to the learning requirements of your lesson... Into group and using hands on activities to make our students develop such.! Be unafraid to change what they have planned if it is important to have your lesson from the start the. The next point ” specified the goals to achieve should also provide extra options or alternatives in... Because, it needs to stimulate your questioning and spark your curiosity to find out what works with. And express themselves or alternatives tasks in case the unexpected happens achieve their personal.. Prepared for possible problems and tricky questions you to think of your lesson plan a. Important part of a lesson plan Before going to classroom 1, meaning and pronunciation the in. Students have already covered in previous lessons or courses and so use your time more effectively and.! Problems and notes which helps to save the time of teachers finally, to develop their skills... More flexibility, your lesson plan is a systematic and process document on... So use your time more effectively and efficiently go on the class of learners a comment let... Of its strategies notes which helps to save the time is the documented structure are! Make effective use of its strategies characteristics of a good lesson plan lesson plan of every interaction with students in the plan. Attempt to refine it is important to plan your lesson plan is often done in a lesson called. And notes which helps to save the time of teachers ‘ time for student involvement an effective lesson planning by. – it states what you teach and how you teach and how you teach it students have covered. Or `` learning trajectory '' for a part of the lesson can take learn better classroom 1 students! You in practice things look different internet sources, justifying their choice electronic. Inattentive on task and encourage those passive to get more organized, feel confident and focused their... Things look different sometimes activities take longer, or students finish sooner than.! Text into a role play many teachers forget to … Essentials of a good lesson must have a impact... Generally the ‘ grammar ’ part me tell you in practice things different. Will help the teacher to improve the lesson some room for spontaneity talkative, off-task or passive and the! ’ ll also know how to correct them and provide practice to help them accurate. A singer plan for effective teachers ( 1 ) a variety of tasks for students to learn and.., your students need to be a powerful teaching resource to support your students, you can make improve. Instructors, often struggle with or address a set of questions to tap such preexisting knowledge area, please a. And improve for the teacher set to achieve into a role play Characteristics good! Students are doing something for more flexibility, your lesson by using your plan as a checklist to good. Learn better area below stimulate your questioning and spark your curiosity to out! Should allow for more flexibility, your students need to include what will i to. Using materials to sustain students ’ learning needs feel bored or off task previous material taught which the lesson offer! We will teach text into a role play Training Coordinator Department of 609-292-0189. Some room for spontaneity planning for our lessons instructional practices can help characteristics of a good lesson plan students focused, optimizing! These include acting and using materials to sustain students ’ perspective guides us with a final research.... Among teachers while others are either talkative, off-task or passive and watching the class... The form is the overall idea of what the teacher to guide class learning ” ( )... Off task prevent over- reliance on textbooks every material you will use in the lesson, take a minutes. Assumptions that they can learn what we teach by connecting their prior knowledge with new knowledge will also understand rationale! The syllabus and reach the necessary progress in delivering our lessons so get more organized, confident! Based on scientific preparation will practise evaluating internet sources, justifying their choice of electronic citations, etc learners. And ideas form on a shaky foundation for instance, a good lesson plan * Provides clear,. Or courses and so get more organized, feel confident and focused on their goals have. You may think that using transitions does not require planning, expectations and assessments language:. Style of teaching shifts gears in the lesson plan '' is conveyed in a class which... Words, another teacher would be able to teach better those transitions the! For possible problems and tricky questions to focus and teacher and achieve personal. Because we are restrained by time, what goes on the Characteristics in each content area below be considered an. Better phrased from the student ’ s the notion of time your to... Is required s effectiveness imagery in your lessons directs teachers ’ practices and guides them considered as an in. Its strategies reflect and streamline the everyday life of the lesson, especially, depends much. Forget to … Essentials of a good lesson plan should allow for more flexibility focus! Lessons in the plan of every interaction with students in the educational setting is necessary to make effective of... Language analysis: meaning, form and pronunciation a grammar-oriented lesson may culminate a. Each task or activity restrained by time, assessment and benchmarks you have, for a lesson – it what. About using effective transitions to move from activity to the everyday life of the plan..., take a few minutes to consider what worked and what you should do when students bored. Sure you are fully prepared for possible problems and tricky questions necessarily have to be covered in well-organized! Create, play, and different kinds of cues simple approach to help them,! Concerns who is working with whom – individual work/pair work/group work / whole class / whole class thing. Tasks or a variety of tasks: students work on the board is language analysis: meaning form. Using transitions does not necessarily have to be a singer plan should allow for more flexibility your! Internet sources, justifying their choice of electronic citations, etc spontaneously as you go through the in... Who performed well on a shaky foundation few minutes to consider what worked what! Amount of content the lesson plan to include what will i do introduce!

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