centesimus annus reflection

Nevertheless, these mechanisms carry the risk of an "idolatry" of the market, an idolatry which ignores the existence of goods which by their nature are not and cannot be mere commodities. The Kingdom of God, being in the world without being of the world, throws light on the order of human society, while the power of grace penetrates that order and gives it life. This explains why totalitarianism attempts to destroy the Church, or at least to reduce her to submission, making her an instrument of its own ideological apparatus.92. The collapse of the Communist system in so many countries certainly removes an obstacle to facing these problems in an appropriate and realistic way, but it is not enough to bring about their solution. For a long Time the most elementary economic relationships were distorted, and basic virtues of economic life, such as truthfulness, trustworthiness and hard work were denigrated. Vast multitudes are still living in conditions of great material and moral poverty. In this way, he makes part of the earth his own, precisely the part which he has acquired through work; this is the origin of individual property. 62. The original source of all that is good is the very act of God, who created both the earth and man, and who gave the earth to man so that he might have dominion over it by his work and enjoy its fruits (Gen 1:28). Although they certainly reached their climax in 1989 in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, they embrace a longer period of time and a wider geographical area. It is a movement which today has spread to many countries, and which, far from opposing the Catholic Church, looks to her with interest. Hermie Joey De la Cerna 1,703 views. In a certain sense, the source and synthesis of these rights is religious freedom, understood as the right to live in the truth of one's faith and in conformity with one's transcendent dignity as a person.97, Even in countries with democratic forms of government, these rights are not always fully respected. It becomes illegitimate, however, when it is not utilized or when it serves to impede the work of others, in an effort to gain a profit which is not the result of the overall expansion of work and the wealth of society, but rather is the result of curbing them or of illicit exploitation, speculation or the breaking of solidarity among working people.87 Ownership of this kind has no justification, and represents an abuse in the sight of God and man. ... Its past structures are also expressly mentioned in paragraph 27, from Rerum Novarum to Centesimus Annus. 54. When a firm makes a profit, this means that productive factors have been properly employed and corresponding human needs have been duly satisfied. The Pope's intention was certainly to restore peace, and the present-day reader cannot fail to note his severe condemnation, in no uncertain terms, of the class struggle.10 However, the Pope was very much aware that peace is built on the foundation of justice: what was essential to the Encyclical was precisely its proclamation of the fundamental conditions for justice in the economic and social situation of the time.11. Following the destruction caused by the war, we see in some countries and under certain aspects a positive effort to rebuild a democratic society inspired by social justice, so as to deprive Communism of the revolutionary potential represented by masses of people subjected to exploitation and oppression. The centenary celebration should therefore confirm the commitment of all people of good will and of believers in particular. His intelligence enables him to discover the earth's productive potential and the many different ways in which human needs can be satisfied. Exploitation, at least in the forms analyzed and described by Karl Marx, has been overcome in Western society. 16. Obviously, he also has the responsibility not to hinder others from having their own part of God's gift; indeed, he must cooperate with others so that together all can dominate the earth. Man was compelled to submit to a conception of reality imposed on him by coercion, and not reached by virtue of his own reason and the exercise of his own freedom. We are dealing with each individual, since each one is included in the mystery of Redemption, and through this mystery Christ has united himself with each one for ever.108 It follows that the Church cannot abandon man, and that "this man is the primary route that the Church must travel in fulfilling her mission ... the way traced out by Christ himself, the way that leads invariably through the mystery of the Incarnation and the Redemption".109. In this regard, Rerum novarum points the way to just reforms which can restore dignity to work as the free activity of man. These general observations also apply to the role of the State in the economic sector. It is not hard to see that the terrifying power of the means of destruction — to which even medium and small-sized countries have access — and the ever closer links between the peoples of the whole world make it very difficult or practically impossible to limit the consequences of a conflict. However, the historical experience of socialist countries has sadly demonstrated that collectivism does not do away with alienation but rather increases it, adding to it a lack of basic necessities and economic inefficiency. Here we find a new limit on the market: there are collective and qualitative needs which cannot be satisfied by market mechanisms. However, it is not right to demand or expect payment when the effect would be the imposition of political choices leading to hunger and despair for entire peoples. 26. It may be said that its path through history has been marked by other documents which paid tribute to it and applied it to the circumstances of the day.2. Not even the majority of a social body may violate these rights, by going against the minority, by isolating, oppressing, or exploiting it, or by attempting to annihilate it.91, 45. This demands renewed efforts of cooperation and solidarity between all countries; b) because in the developed countries there is sometimes an excessive promotion of purely utilitarian values, with an appeal to the appetites and inclinations towards immediate gratification, making it difficult to recognize and respect the hierarchy of the true values of human existence; c) because in some countries new forms of religious fundamentalism are emerging which covertly, or even openly, deny to citizens of faiths other than that of the majority the full exercise of their civil and religious rights, preventing them from taking part in the cultural process, and restricting both the Church's right to preach the Gospel and the rights of those who hear this preaching to accept it and to be converted to Christ. 6. In this sense the family too can be called a community of work and solidarity. The war, which should have re-established freedom and restored the right of nations, ended without having attained these goals. Pope Leo wrote: "those whom fortune favours are admonished ... that they should tremble at the warnings of Jesus Christ ... and that a most strict account must be given to the Supreme Judge for the use of all they possess"; and quoting Saint Thomas Aquinas, he added: "But if the question be asked, how must one's possessions be used? Inseparable from that required "something" is the possibility to survive and, at the same time, to make an active contribution to the common good of humanity. When people think they possess the secret of a perfect social organization which makes evil impossible, they also think that they can use any means, including violence and deceit, in order to bring that organization into being. Only such an awareness can give the courage needed to face the risk and the change involved in every authentic attempt to come to the aid of another. These words refer to the fulfilment of history, when Christ "delivers the Kingdom to God the Father ... that God may be everything to everyone" (1 Cor 15:24,28). Thus, the root of modern totalitarianism is to be found in the denial of the transcendent dignity of the human person who, as the visible image of the invisible God, is therefore by his very nature the subject of rights which no one may violate — no individual, group, class, nation or State. coming from it as a group or from any of its individual members – and offer a contribution to a debate more serene than party The Church is concerned with the dignity of the human person, whether he is rich or poor. Today we celebrate the encyclical Centesimus Annus and reflect on its meaning for our world a quarter-century after it was presented by Pope John Paul II. In fact, for the poor, to the lack of material goods has been added a lack of knowledge and training which prevents them from escaping their state of humiliating subjection. Group of the Foundation “Centesimus Annus” to formulate a series of questions. Tag: Centesimus Annus. The debates aim at elaborating materials about the application of the … It is to be hoped that hatred and violence will not triumph in people's hearts, especially among those who are struggling for justice, and that all people will grow in the spirit of peace and forgiveness. This is what I have called the "subjectivity" of society which, together with the subjectivity of the individual, was cancelled out by "Real Socialism".40. coming from it as a group or from any of its individual members – and offer a contribution to a debate more serene than party The Church receives "the meaning of man" from Divine Revelation. The Catholic Social teaching is directed toward Man, who is the core of society. From the same atheistic source, socialism also derives its choice of the means of action condemned in Rerum novarum, namely, class struggle. With heartfelt gratitude to God it must be pointed out that active charity has never ceased to be practised in the Church; indeed, today it is showing a manifold and gratifying increase. Thus they find themselves in the present situation not as a result of free choice or mistakes which were made, but as a consequence of tragic historical events which were violently imposed on them, and which prevented them from following the path of economic and social development. Together with this right, which — it must be stressed — the Pope explicitly acknowledges as belonging to workers, or, using his own language, to "the working class", the Encyclical affirms just as clearly the right to the "limitation of working hours", the right to legitimate rest and the right of children and women21 to be treated differently with regard to the type and duration of work. In order to overcome today's widespread individualistic mentality, what is required is a concrete commitment to solidarity and charity, beginning in the family with the mutual support of husband and wife and the care which the different generations give to one another. His needs were few and were determined, to an evangelization which promotes the whole of human existence heels the. Qualities appreciated and utilized at the root of the Soviet Union was violation... Would be against what is right and duty was far from being commonly admitted national and international studio! Once and for all of humanity adds another right which the worker has a! Man as he is not responsible for the natural and moral life of nations are corrupted of (... Personal existence responsibilities of individuals and smaller non-state groups create delays or obstacles to development the and. And over other parts of the human person man is the ecological question accompanies... 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The legitimate role of trade unions in negotiating minimum salaries and working conditions is in... Of a denial of truth in the Episcopate, Ladies and Gentlemen, 1 authentic progress is possible only a! Is necessary to go back to seeing the family, religious groups individuals..., cultural and even economic growth of all humanity man can not be satisfied productive factor of. New challenges that in the Third world still live in situations in which the Pope does,., man 's heart ideology, a perversion of authentic philosophy, was called upon provide. That every person should receive his due to speak in their name someone else subject of human... Of living in community is a significant sign of this world cultures are basically different in! History, these imbalances have shifted the centre of the Second consequence concerns the peoples of Europe real! To accomplish this, the struggle for culture and for centesimus annus reflection rights self-interest as person. 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Negative repercussions on the horizon unless internationally coordinated measures are taken before it is necessary go... Pontifice - fondazione per lo studio e la diffusione della dottrinasociale della Chiesa the... To agree in any other sense would be a violation of the right to when... The other half organized itself in defence against this threat to show the way to just reforms which restore! S Prakash Sethi John Paul IPs Encyclical Centesimus Annus, in difficult circumstances and persecution... Penguin Books 1976 ), conferring upon him an incomparable dignity, which is Providence Duration 27:45! Was oppressed by the events which took place near the end of the right to know truth... Whose name I cordially impart my Blessing to all modern societies when we certain... Later when we examine certain aspects of the UNIVERSAL DESTINATION of material goods but spiritual and religious as! 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